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Frenectomy

A frenectomy is a dental procedure that involves the removal or modification of a frenulum, which is a small fold of tissue that connects the lips, cheeks, or tongue to the underlying structures in the mouth. There are two main types of frenectomy procedures:

1. Labial frenectomy: This procedure involves the removal or modification of the labial frenulum, which is the tissue that connects the upper or lower lip to the gum tissue. It is commonly performed when the frenulum is too thick, tight, or attached too close to the gum line, causing issues such as a large gap between the front teeth (diastema) or difficulty with oral hygiene.

2. Lingual frenectomy: This procedure involves the removal or modification of the lingual frenulum, which is the tissue that connects the underside of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. It is typically performed when the frenulum is too short or tight, causing restricted tongue movement (ankyloglossia or "tongue-tie"). This can affect speech, swallowing, and oral hygiene.

Frenectomies are usually performed using local anesthesia to numb the area, and the procedure itself can be done with a scalpel, laser, or other surgical instruments. After the frenulum is removed or modified, the area is typically sutured to promote proper healing. Frenectomies are generally safe and relatively quick procedures that can help improve oral function and overall oral health.

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