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Oral Cancer Screening

During an oral cancer screening, the dentist or oral healthcare professional will visually examine the oral cavity, including the lips, gums, tongue, cheeks, and throat. They may also use additional tools such as a tongue depressor or a special light to get a better view of the tissues. The purpose is to look for any unusual changes, such as red or white patches, sores, lumps, or other abnormalities that may indicate the presence of oral cancer.

It is important to note that an oral cancer screening is not a definitive diagnostic test for oral cancer. If any suspicious areas are identified during the screening, further diagnostic tests, such as a biopsy, may be recommended to confirm the presence of cancer.

Regular oral cancer screenings are recommended as part of routine dental check-ups, especially for individuals who have risk factors such as tobacco or alcohol use, a family history of oral cancer, or previous oral cancer diagnoses. Early detection through screenings can significantly increase the chances of successful treatment and improved prognosis.

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Biopsy

An oral biopsy procedure is a medical procedure performed to obtain a sample of tissue from the oral cavity for further examination and diagnosis. It is typically done when there are suspicious or abnormal areas in the mouth that require further evaluation.

During an oral biopsy, a small piece of tissue is removed from the affected area using various techniques, such as a scalpel, punch biopsy, or brush biopsy. The specific method used depends on the location and nature of the abnormality. Local anesthesia is often administered to numb the area and minimize discomfort during the procedure.

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